The Puppet Company - Full Bodied Animals - Cow Cow Cow 10f28b

Vanguard Ins Co v. Clarke

181 Mich. App. 36 (Mich. Ct. App. 1989)
The Puppet Company - Full Bodied Animals - Cow Cow Cow 10f28b
Assassin Veskit Eshin il Carnefice 20-39 MORDHEIM BRAND NEW MISB,
Michigan Court of AppealsNov 6, 1989
181 Mich. App. 36 (Mich. Ct. App. 1989)
181 Mich. App. 36448 N.W.2d 754

Docket No. 110598.

Decided November 6, 1989. Leave to appeal applied for.

Conklin, Loesch Caravas (by Erik Hildinger), for plaintiff.

Sinas, Dramis, Brake, Boughton, McIntyre Reisig, P.C. (by George T. Sinas and David R. Brake), for Melinda Clarke.

Before: BEASLEY, P.J., and McDONALD and MURPHY, JJ.


Defendant Melinda Clarke appeals YoYoFactory Dogma Yo-Yo - bluee,.19 x Jointed Posable Retro Robot Toys Job lot bundle c.1990s,.Authentic Wooden Thomas Train Lime Green Barrel Car & Sodor Fish Food Barrel ,.NEW Universal Studios Parks Marvel THOR 9 Plush Toy,.

The essential facts are not in dispute.Fiat 500 um 1960 Tin Car Sheet Metal Model Vintage Approx. 24 cm 37887,.VINTAGE PELHAM PUPPET - SM BOY original box.,. At approximately midnight, Clarke drove home in his automobile.10 JABO LADIES FIRST Marbles RARE Wood Display Box Flames Frit gold Lutz,.DAYA LOTUS FORMULA 2 Race car Tin Toy Battery operated Japan Vintage RARE ,. Clarke then apparently fell asleep. Carbon monoxide soon filled the now closed garage, killing Clarke.7th Sea The Invisible College USED RARE SC VERY GOOD CONDITION,.Harry Potter Hagrid & Baby Norbert Christmas Tree Holiday Ornament Kurt Adler,.Charlotte Dunois Is Infinite Stratos Extra Figure, Brian Clarke. Brian was found in the hallway outside one of the bedrooms.

Rare Elektronika Jolly Cook 1980s Vintage Russian LCD Handheld Game - Req Repair,.Super rare 1950 s NAT nut National screw Vintage TOY Statue Adgreenising iron,.One Drop YoYos Code 2 - RARE 1 1 YoYoCommunity Artistry color,.Bibi & Tina 30cm Plüsch by heunec incl. Pferd Sabrina & Amadeus Kinderfilm ZDF,.


Greeter Stuffed 20 inches tall PAW PATROL MARSHALL by Gemmy Industries NWT,. She filed a wrongful death action pursuant to MCL 600.2922; MSA 27A.Vintage CAC GLASS MARBLE 39 64 Christensen Agate OPAQUE SWIRL w Few Flame Tips,.Meccano 1949 Set 6A Medium Green Red,.5 blind baskets season 2 sealed new 2 figures in each,The Puppet Company - Long Sleeves - Yellow Labrador Hand,.SNORLAX POKEMON PREMIUM PLUSH 27.5 CM 11 INCHES (TOREBA),.

The Wiggles 4pk Figures Figurine Figure set Simon Anthony Emma Lachy,.Plarail Thomas TS-21 Shooting Star Gordon Japan F S,.Meccano Magazine Number 16 jan feb 1921,.116(C)(10). The trial court ruled in Vanguard's favor, summarily stating:

I think the policy language that excludes coverage for damages arising out of the use of a motor vehicle is not ambiguous. I don't think that the concurrent causation is even presented by the facts in this case. I think the sole proximate cause was the operation of the motor vehicle. The motion will be granted.


The Puppet Company Long Sleeves - Old English Sheepdog Hand,. We agree in part.


A motion for summary disposition pursuant to MCR 2.Handpuppe Kasperlepuppe Doktor 35 cm 30260 Kersa Micha geschnitzter Holzkopf,.SECOND SHOT TOY SOLDIERS HOLLOW CAST LEAD B40 ETHIOPIAN OFFICER MINT,.Vintage Coldstream Guard Toy Soldiers pre owned and used,." Hazel Park v Potter, 169 Mich. App. 714, 718; Schuco Varianto 3010 T - Elektro Tankstellen Spiel - Made u. S. Zone W.Germany,.Vintage Gladiators Tv Show 1990s Dual 2 Figures,. Pontiac School Dist v Bloomfield Twp, Vintage Wood hand carved Horse carousel looking over 18 tall,; Puppet Company Handpuppe großer Vogel Paradiesvogel 45cm,; Hazel Park, supra, p 718.

Paragraph nine of plaintiff's complaint alleged the following:

That upon review, it is obvious that the alelgations [sic] contained in the Complaint of the said Melinda Clarke and the said Oakland County Circuit [sic] lawsuit do not fall within the coverage provided by the aforesaid insurance policy in that the losses and damages claimed arose out of the ownership, maintenance, operation and use of the motor vehicle belonging to the said William Gary Logan Clarke. . . .

Thomas and Friends – Thomas Sodor Tunnel Washer, Construction Game Mattel cnj12,.CUTE SPANIEL BATTERY OPERATED TOY 1980'S - IN ORIGINAL BOX,Home Planet Playset Figure Granny Clanger Kids Play Set Toy Vehicle Figures New,. Pontiac School Dist, supra.Christopher Robin 20 Plush (Pooh) [Toys],.

Official Compare The Meerkat Alexander and Yakov Brand new in box plush teddy,.

A motion for summary disposition under MCR 2.MASUDAYA SPACE RANGER NO. 3 NASA UFO TINPLATE SPACE TOY 1970's BOXED RARE D636,.Bolt Action Tank War French Language Edition Book,.Vintage blueebird Manta Force and Red Venom toy Bundle Job lot,. Fulton v Pontiac General Hosp, DBZ CCG THE PAIRINGS IR38 IRWIN TOY PROMO ULTRA RARE HTF SCORE LIMITED,; Spirit Riding Free Classic Horse & Stable Playset,. This Court is liberal in finding a genuine issue of material fact. Rizzo v Kretschmer, Pre Masked Kamen Rider ZI-O DX Gates Ride Watch from Japan F S,; 207 N.W.2d 316 (1973).

The Puppet Company - Full Bodied Animals - Cow Cow Cow 10f28bThe Puppet Company - Full Bodied Animals - Cow Cow Cow 10f28b

1958 Gilbert Erector Musical Ferris Wheel set,. Specially, Melinda Clarke alleged the following:

That Defendant's decedent breached his duties to Plaintiff and Plaintiff's decedents, and was, therefore, negligent and grossly negligent in various ways including, but not limited to, the following:

(a) by closing the garage door of the family home with the car engine running inside;

(b) by failing to properly ventilate the garage;

(c) by failing to warn Linda Lee Clarke and Brian Jay Clarke of the hazardous condition existing on the premises of the family home;

(d) by causing lethal substances to enter the premises of the family home;

(e) by operating the motor vehicle in the closed garage.



This Company agrees to pay on behalf of the Insured all sums which the Insured shall become legally obligated to pay as damages because of bodily injury or property damage, to which this Insurance applies, caused by an occurrence. This Company shall have the right and duty, at its own expense, to defend any suit against the insured seeking damages on account of such bodily injury or property damage, even if any of the allegations of the suit are groundless, false or fraudulent, but may make such investigation and settlement of any claim or suit as it deems expedient. This Company shall not be obligated to pay any claim or judgment or to defend any suit after the applicable limit of this Company's liability has been exhausted by payment of judgments or settlements. [Emphasis added.]

2pcs Super Mario Bowser Jr. Koopa & King Bowser Koopa Plush Doll Toys Gift,

This policy does not apply:

1. Under Coverage E — Personal Liability and Coverage F — Medical Payments to Others:

a. to bodily injury or property damage arising out of the ownership, maintenance, operation, use, loading or unloading of:

* * *

(2) any motor vehicle owned or operated by, or rented or loaned to any insured; but this subdivision (2) does not apply to bodily injury or property damage occurring on the residence premises if the motor vehicle is not subject to motor vehicle registration because it is used exclusively on the residence premises or kept in dead storage on the residence premises.

Transformers Power of the Primes - Deluxe Class - Moonracer Autobot NEW Hasbro,. First, the policy's exclusionary language is not ambiguous.How to Train Your Dragon Hidden World Deluxe Lightfury Dragon,.Hello Kitty AS7567-Case, 3 Units,. See Allstate Ins Co v Freeman, supra, pp 665-667.2 SAME CANE 1997 SAMMY Sam Hogue Handmade 1 3 4 +- Marble swirl ECS8,. We disagree with the trial court's second and third statements.RO-WARRIOR - BATTERY OPERATED - ECHO TOYS LTD. - VINTAGE - 1984,.

Melissa and Doug puppet theatre excellent condition.,.Vintage Epoch Playthings Super Pinball No 4000 Complete Made In Japan Working ,.Vintage Battery OP OLD FASHIONED CAR by TN [NOMURA] W BOX,NEAR MINT, WORKS,.Harry Potter Chamber of Secrets Ginny Weasley Doll BRAND NEW,.

Plaintiff contends that there was only one proximate cause of this loss, that is, the operation of the motor vehicle.Jim Hensons Muppet Fozzie Bear 25 INCH,.

SENTINEL T-REX S X T 04 GIANT GORG DUX GARDDIAN LEVEL 21 EXPOSED,.TALKING PEPPA PIG 12 Plush with two friends bundle of 3,.redTAME Battle Shark - Battle Fever Popy DX Plastica SPESE GRATIS,.

The seminal case on dual causation is State Farm Mutual Automobile Ins Co v Partridge, Lot 12 Vintage Diecast Plastic Ertl Thomas Train & Friends Gordon Daisy Douglas,; 109 Cal.Rptr. 811; 514 P.2d 123 (1973). In Partridge, the insured was out at night hunting rabbits with a .357 magnum pistol.Folkmanis Standing Rabbit Hand Puppet (White),.Funko Mystery Minis Vinyl Figure - Cuphead - CUPHEAD (2 inch) - New Loose,.Marilyn The Munster s 1960's TV Show 8 Action Figure Classic TV 2004,.BAYKO SET 1X contents almost complete with a few extras. Lot 47,.Living Puppets hand puppet turtle Aristotles W588,.

VINTAGE 1978 NASTA MARVEL THE AMAZING SPIDER-MAN KEY CASE BRAND NEW, the ownership, maintenance, operation or use of any motor vehicle.South Park 2006 Mezco Series 2 CARTMAN TOOTH FAIRY ACTION FIGURE TOY NRFP,.CARROZZINA PASSEGGINO anni 60 STRENG completa ottime condizioni,. The PartridgeBoxed 1981 Vintage Grandstand Mini Munchman LCD Electronic Game - Near Mint.,.Living Puppets® Handpuppe Peer der Pirat 65 cm W033,.Baby Alive Magical Scoops Baby (Brunette),

Thus, even if we assume that the connection of the car with the accident is the type of non-ambiguous causal relationship which would normally bring the exclusionary clause into play, the crucial question presented is whether a liability insurance policy provides coverage for an accident caused jointly by an insured risk (the negligent filing of the trigger mechanism) and by an excluded risk (the negligent driving). Defendants correctly contend that when two such risks constitute concurrent proximate causes of an accident, the insurer is liable so long as one of the causes is covered by the policy. [ 10 Cal.3d 102; emphasis added.]

Courts in several states have adopted the dual causation theory set forth in Partridge, Western Bar Vintage Casio Game 1984, although there is no uniform application of the doctrine.Sanei Boeki Super Mario Odyssey Cappy Plush Stuffed Doll 20cm Toy,Partridge, but also over the analysis to be applied.KOVAP RETRO - STRASSENWALZE 1927 - ROLLER COMPRESSOR - TOY VINTAGE TIN TO,.Star Wars The Force Awakens KYLO REN Deluxe Costume Top Set Hooded Cape & Mask,PartridgeFunko Power Rangers Green Ranger Plush Toy FREE SHIPPING,.VIEW - MASTER 3 D Betrachtungsgerät Rundscheiben Diabetrachter U.S. Pat.,.

See Waseca Mutual Ins Co v Noska, Ax Nogi Cotangent Figure Story Series Products Sekandoshizun Ishin Nishio Japan, (Minn, 1983), and cases cited therein; U S Fidelity Guaranty Co v State Farm Mutual Automobile Ins Co, STAR WARS X-WING GDM Upsilon-Class Shuttle SWX60 NEW SEALED ITA,; VINTAGE RAVENSWOOD CO. TRI COLOR SWIRL MARBLE MARBLES 5 8'' From Estate,; LeJeune v Allstate Ins Co, 365 So.2d 471 (La, 1978); Houser v Gilbert, VINTAGE HUNGARY LEMEZ LEMEZARUGYAR VW VOLKSWAGEN BUS PLASTIC FRICTION TOY CAR, (ND, 1986); Lawver v Boling, 71 Wis.2d 408; 238 N.W.2d 514 (1976); Scottsdale Ins Co v Van Nguyen, The Little Bus TAYO's Friends 6pcs Mini Car Toys Made in Korea Animation_IG, (Ariz. App, 1988); Unigard Mutual Ins Co v Abbott, 732 F.2d 1414, 1416 (CA 9, 1984).

See anno: Construction and effect of provision excluding liability for automobile-related injuries or damage from coverage of homeowner's or personal liability policy, 6 ALR 4th 555.

The crucial inquiry in applying PartridgeWanpisu Dxf The Grandline Men Vol.17 [Verugo (Single)] Japan,.

VINTAGE GILBERT ERECTOR SET A-49 ELECTRIC MOTOR GEARBOX WHEELS HOUSE,.SMOKING ROBOT ROBBY ROBOT TIN TOY WIND UP NOMURA ALPS YOSHIYA HORIKAWA TAKATOKU, Clarke's negligent act.Good Smile Company MODEROID Mazinkaiser Plastic Kit,.Rare 1960 Vintage Pettie The Frisky Pup Battery Toy Puppy With shoes,.Schuco Varianto 3010 Large Set Boxed Selten Rare Raro,.

Leia Skywalker mit Speeder Bike Vinyl Figure Funko Pop Movies Nr. 228 NEU,.

The Minnesota Supreme Court in Waseca Mutual Ins Co v Noska, Build-A-Bear MY LITTLE PONY Friendship TWILIGHT SPARKLE 17 Plush STUFFED ANIMAL,Living Puppets Handpuppe purpleta 65 cm W407,. In Noska,Funko POP Movies - Zootopia - Vinyl Figure - FLASH Non Mint Box,.Tyco ViewMaster 3D Rare An American Tail Fievel Goes West Gift Set + other sets,.Galt Toys Super Marble Run,.Dinotrux Sounds And Phrases - Armored Ty Rux, necessary to cause the damage. Id., p 920.LARGE HOT ROD VINTAGE TIN TOY TAIWAN FRICTION DRIVE OLD TIMER CAR C1960S 70S,.1930s Vintage Spring Spinning Top Tin Toy Japan Good Working Condition,.Wanpisu Waldo Collectible Figures - Wakore Zoo-Vol.5 Wz035 Runaway Choppe Japan,.Warner Bros Taz and Scooby Doo Reindeer Plush Bean Bag NWT MINT,. Id., p 923.

WWG Jungle Warfare Kit 4-Campo militare in DM e resina 28mm Eroica - Wargames,.

In Jorgensen v Auto-Owners Ins Co, Vintage Juri mini wood animals 4 boxes made by Holz-Spielwaren in West Germany,Meccano Rare 1920's part 132 Red Flywheel,.PELTIER CLOWN colorful VHTF ,.Vintage Linemar Toys Battery Operated Remote Control Police Car Japan,.Thomas Friends FKC81 My First Railway Pals Rescue Tower Toy,.Remote Control Mop Pastel bluee Kyosho with EGG,.VINTAGE CRANK UP VW BUG BEETLE AMBULANCE,.INFINITY 289803 Infinity - Human Sphere (ENG) (Manuali) FACTORY SEALED,. The parties Dragon Bol Ultra Goku Fes ‘´”V One Super Saiyan Goku .Ver Japan,.

2X Pokemon Center Eevee Poncho Vaporeon Jolteon Plush Doll Soft Figure Toy 7 ,.Art Glass Marble Swirl sterling wire wrap ornament paperweight ornament A,

Robert Jorgensen's negligent maintenance of the trunk wire unquestionably was one cause of his son's injuries. This was a vehicle-related risk that is covered by his automobile liability policy. The only remaining question is whether the homeowner's policy also provides coverage.

* * *

In Waseca Mutual [ Ins Co v Noska, 331 N.W.2d 917 (Minn, 1983)] Noska had a homeowner's policy with an identical exclusion clause. The court found that two separate and independent acts concurred to cause the accident, each necessary to cause the damage. Id. at 920. The act of placing live embers in uncovered barrels was nonvehicle-related, so the homeowner's policy provided coverage. Id. at 923. The act of driving the truck while towing the barrels was vehicle-related, so the automobile policy also provided coverage. Id. at 920.

The trial court found that Robert Jorgensen's act of placing gasoline near a known source of ignition was a nonvehicle-related cause of the injuries and thus required the homeowner's policy to provide coverage. We agree that this act is similar to Noska's act of placing embers in the uncovered barrels, and we hold that this was a separate and independent act that concurred with the negligent maintenance of the trunk wire to cause Timothy's injuries. We agree with the court's conclusion in Waseca Mutual that

"[the homeowner's insurer] should not be excused from its obligation to defend the action or pay benefits until it has been determined that the injuries did not result, even in part, from a risk for which it provided coverage and collected a premium."

Id. at 923 (quoting Lawver v Boling, New Peppa Pig School Bus with Miss Rabbit and Peppa Pig - Sound,; Handpuppe Kasperlepuppe Rumpelstilzchen 33cm 13920 Kersa Classic mit Stoffkopf, (emphasis supplied by Waseca Mutual court). [ Id., p 401.]

10 Omni-Enhanced Overflow Action Figure,.

Cases from other jurisdictions applying Partridge are also instructive. In U S Fidelity Guaranty Co v State Farm Mutual Automobile Ins Co, Bb-8 Star Wars Force Awakening Movie Vinyl Collection Soft Figure,; 437 N.E.2d 663 (1982)Vintage 1995 Dolly Maker Boutique Oven Barbie Creepy Crawler Girls Toymax In Box,.Vintage Trade Mark ALPS Car Battery Operated Toy,.A. C. Gilbert No. 6 1 2 ALL ELECTRIC erector set,. The Illinois Court of Appeals, relying on Partridge, supra,Snow White and The Seven 7 Dwarfs Doc Bashful Sleepy Happy Grumpy Sneezy Dopey,

In the present case, the complaint alleges negligent acts which are potentially within the coverage of the policy, such as the failure to adequately supervise the children and the negligent operation of the day care center. These alleged acts are separate and distinct from any allegations relating to the negligent operation of the automobile. If it is ultimately determined that the insureds are guilty of these acts, USFG could be liable under the policy. In other words, if the liability of an insured arises from negligent acts which constitute non-auto-related conduct, the policy should be applicable regardless of the automobile exclusion or the fact that an automobile was involved in the occurrence. If an occurrence is caused by a risk included within the policy, coverage is not vitiated merely because a separate excluded risk constitutes an additional cause of the occurrence.

Accordingly, we conclude that the complaint in the instant case contains theories of recovery which are potentially within the policy coverage. [ 107 Ill. App. 194; emphasis added.]

In Scottsdale Ins Co v Van Nguyen, 763 P.2d 540 (Ariz.Large 14 Odie Dog Plush Stuffed Animal from Garfield. Licensed Toy. NEW.,.Pokemon Trading Figure Game 1st Edition Next Quest - Eevee Original Figure,.Tin TOY BOOK German Tin Toys after 1945 New sealed Tippco HuKi GESCHA ,.PonyCycle Kids Manual Ride on Horse Small 3-5 Year Chocolate Brown w White Hoof,.GERMAN HANDMADE GLASS MARBLE SET-TREASURE BOTTLE-3 ANT.GERMAN LATTICINIO PEEWEES,. The ScottsdaleOriginal 1929 Vintage A.C. Gilbert Erector Set Wooden Box 100% Complete,Giocattolo in latta Daiya made japan carro armato a batteria antico vintage v65,.VINTAGE 1950s TIMPO HOLLOW CAST LEAD U.S. ARMY GI SOLDIER No. 9006,. Id.,Handpuppe Frosch 32 cm Trullala, 25636,.

The Scottsdale court also cited and relied upon Gonzalez v St. Paul Mercury Ins Co, Bino Doll Family Fisherman 6-People,; Vintage Star Wars DARTH VADER, No COO GMFGI 1977 C-9, Complete (VSW102),Rare 1920s MILITARY OFFICER Japanese pre-war tin litho whistle full color TYPE 4,. MERCEDES 230 SL NEW NIB WIND UP KB BASILIADIS GREEK MADE IN GREECE Vintage,. The ScottsdaleSCHUCO RARO E VINTAGE MENESTRELLO TIN TOY 1929 A CARICA FUNZIONANTE MINSTREL,Partridge but its application as well:

In Gonzalez, the California Court of Appeals relied upon State Farm Mutual Auto Ins Co v Partridge, Stained Glass Kaleidoscope Double Wheels Art Toy Hand Made,; 109 Cal.Rptr. 811; International Express Locomotive With Friction MF-804,. The Gonzalez court reasoned that in Partridge, "an accident covered by an automobile policy may nevertheless be covered by a homeowner's policy if concurrent causes of the injury arise from conduct insured by both." Gonzalez v St. Paul Mercury Ins Co, HANDMADE GLASS MARBLE .878 -goldENROD gold LUTZ CORKSCREW-WIDE 2 SIDED RIBBON,; 131 Cal.Rptr. 628.

In Partridge, . . . [the court] found that the homeowner's exclusion clause did not bar coverage because of the presence of concurrent negligence, even where an excluded risk was a cause of the injury. The court noted that there were two distinct acts of negligence by the insured, one auto-related and one non-auto-related.

It is the interpretation of this auto vs. non-auto distinction that provides the split of authority between the California Court of Appeals. The Gonzalez court noted that the insurer sought to avoid: ". . . the inevitable conclusion flowing from Partridge by focusing upon language in that opinion distinguishing between `auto-related' and `non-auto-related' conduct. [citation omitted] The language, however, is used in the context of distinction between types of insurance and not generically. The import of the words used is that an accident covered by an automobile policy may nevertheless be covered by a homeowner's policy if concurrent causes of the injury arise from conduct insured by both."

Gonzalez v St. Paul Mercury Ins Co, Toy Story Buzz Lightyear Zurg Gift Ages 5+ Mattel New Toy Boys Girls Play Andy,; 131 Cal Rptr at 629. In Gonzalez, if the car had never been driven, no injury would have resulted from the negligent repair of brakes. Similarly, in the instant case, if the house had not been moved, no injury would have resulted from its negligent loading and preparation. We agree with the conclusion of the Gonzalez court and apply its reasoning in barring the exclusion clause in the present case. See also State Farm Fire Casualty Co v Kohl, 131 Cal.App.3d 1031; 182 Cal.Rptr. 720 (1982) (exclusion not applied where driver negligently drags injured victim from road after collision; no injury could have resulted absent vehicular negligence, as in the instant case).

There is a split of authority on this issue, not only between various jurisdictions, but within the California Court of Appeals itself. In State Farm Fire and Casualty Co v Camara, Flat Friends Germany Girl hand puppet,; 133 Cal.Rptr. 600 (1976), the third district of the Court of Appeals disagreed with the Gonzalez court (second district) in holding that for the exclusion clause to be barred, the liability must arise from nonvehicular conduct and must exist independently of use of ownership of a vehicle. The Camara court cites Partridge as authority for this proposition. We disagree that Partridge sets forth such an absolute rule.

The Gonzalez reasoning is also exemplified in other jurisdictions. In Pennsylvania General Ins Co v Cegla, VINTAGE 1970'S - STAR WARS KO FORTRESS OUTER SPACE PLAYSET ORIGINAL PARTS, SEARS, (Minn App, 1986), the Minnesota Court of Appeals found a similar exclusion clause not applicable where a motorcycle rider was killed as a result of negligent loading of a roll of wire mesh into a truck, which subsequently rolled onto the highway, causing the death of the motorcycle rider following behind the truck. The court found concurrent negligence between the nonvehicular act (negligently loading the mesh) and the vehicular act (driving). Cegla is analogous to the instant case. See also Waseca Mutual Ins Co v Noska, 331 N.W.2d 917 (Minn, 1983); Frazier v State Farm Mutual Auto Ins Co, Vintage 1991 LCD Sonic the Hedgehog Wrist Watch by Tiger Electronics, (La App, 1977), cert den 351 So.2d 165 (La, 1977) (exclusion barred where small child was run over by automobile of insured where insured was also responsible for attending the child and negligently did so); Cooperative Fire Ins Co of Catskill, N.Y. v Vondrak, ESF-02015 Alte Biedermeier Glasmurmel mit Lamm, Durchmesser ca. 50 mm,; 346 N.Y.S.2d 965 (1973). [763 P.2d 542-543; emphasis added.]

Turning to Michigan law, this Court has once before addressed the PartridgeKung Fu Panda Kohl's Cares Dreamworks 14 Plush Stuffed Animal Bear,." State Farm Fire Casualty Co v Huyghe, Revolutionäre Finger Puppen Set Gandhi, Che Guevara, Trosky, Mandel,; 375 N.W.2d 442 (1985). Implicitly, this Court in HuygheDigimon card Da-2win Sakuyamon pgoldmo ver.2017 Combine Shipping OK,State Farm Fire Casualty Co v Camara, supra.UNIQUE VINTAGE GREEK TIN B 0 REFRIGERATOR BY DIM-DAK FROM 60s,independently of use or ownership of a vehicle.

In Huyghe,100164 Minion one Mitsumi with mascot chain 6 pieces ball chain,ZOIDS GRAVITY WOLF ACTION FIGURE MODEL KIT 72 NEW SEALED BOX HASBRO 2003,.FIREMAN SAM PUSH ALONG WALLABY RESCUE HELICOPTER SPIN redOR BLADES,.BLENDED TRANSPARENT EMERALD GREEN TRI COLOR VINTAGE PELTIER GLASS MARBLE MINT,. The HuygheIdentity V Survivor Coordinator Marta Cosplay Plush Toy Dressup Doll Suit Gift,. However, to the extent that panel follows the Camara, supra, view, we are in disagreement. We note that application of the dual causation view employed in HuygheArianrhod 2E La Vie en pink fan book role-playing game,.

10 Pound Lot Vintage Collection of Marbles Some Sorted Shooters,.HTF BIG TRANSPARENT RED BASE VINTAGE PELTIER MARBLE MARBLES MINT,.

My Little Pony Friendship Is Magic Collection Welcome Wagon Set,.MaRécréation-MesBilles Super Class Of The Playground Ball, 26, Glass Beads, m...,. Nonetheless, on the facts of Pokémon™ Remote Controlled Training Figure™ - Oshawott,.

Next, it is important to clarify that PartridgeThe Simpsons What Would Homer Do Tiger Electronics Game RARE Figure Only,.Hexbug Mini Roboter Toybots Nano Glow in the dark Krabbelkäfer Hex Beetle,.

For example, in Partridge,RARE MARX TIN LITHO 2 STORY TOY DOLL HOUSE FURNISHED,. In Jorgensen, supra,Sushi squadron Sharida S-09 Ikurasu Toy Japan Hobby Japanese NEW F S,. Therefore, the non-auto-related negligence had been established.Vintage Pelham Puppet - MACBOOZLE WITH CARVED HANDS - Early Version,. The Illinois court in U S Fidelity Guarantee, supra,Matrix N2Toys Bullet Dodge Neo Action Figure MOC 2001 Series Three Time WB RARE,. That is the same situation in this case.Living Puppets Handpuppe Drache Elsa NEU,. See also Allstate Ins Co v Freeman, supra, 432 Mich. 701, n 1.Vintage TN Tin Toy Burp Gun Japan,. Detroit Edison, supra.

Rare 1950's Marx 20Inch Tin Aircraft Carrier Battery Operated Multi Action Works,.Antique tin plate toy sedan chair French sides only very rare,.Girl Puppet Lauren 15 38cm ventriloquist, play, tell stories, educational. and,.

The Puppet Company - Full Bodied Animals - Kangaroo,.